Sally Tomlinson, Home and School in Multicultural Britain (London: Batsford, 1984)
Ian Grosvenor, Assimilating Identities. Racism and Educational Policy in Post 1945 Britain (London: Lawrence and Wishart,1997).
For a recent argument of this kind see the text of Ofsted Chief Inspector David Bell’s lecture to the Hansard Society in 2005 http://www.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/cei/Citizenship.pdf (last accessed 4 July 2009).
See also ‘Islamic Schools a threat to national identity’, The Times, January 18 2005.
See Ted Cantle, Community Cohesion: A New Framework for Race and Diversity (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2008).
Edward Said, Cultural and Imperialism (London, Vintage edn. 1994).
see for example the website of Birmingham Archives and Heritage Service, http://www.connecting histories.org.uk (last accessed July 14 2010).
For academic analysis of these developments see, for example, Mary Stevens, Andrew Flinn and Elizabeth Shepherd, ‘New Frameworks for community engagement in the archive sector: from handing over to handing on’, International Journal of Heritage Studies, 16, 1&2 (2010): 59-76.
For an example of the political interest in supplementary schools see Andrew Adonis, ‘Supplementary schools: the next steps’ paper given to the Quality and Excellence in Supplementary Education Conference, London, November 30, 2006 http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/speeches/media/documents/supp.doc (last accessed July 2 2009).
Enda Delaney, The Irish in Post-War Britain (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).
Marci Green, and Ian Grosvenor, ‘Making Subjects: History-Writing, Education and Race Categories’. Paedagogica Historica, 33, 3 (1997): 883-908.
Mark Garnett, From Anger to Apathy: The British Experience since 1975 (London: Jonathan Cape, 2007)
Dominic Sandbrook, White Heat: A History of Britain in the Swinging Sixties (Lodnon: Little Brown, 2006) and Never Had it So Good: A History of Britain from Suez to the Beatles (London: Abacus, 2006).
Colin Holmes, John Bull’s Island: Immigration and British Society 1871-1971 (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1988).
Kevin Myers, ‘Immigrants and ethnic minorities in the history of education’, Paedagogica Historica, 45, 6 (2009): 801-816
Ian Grosvenor, ‘ “It is on the site of loss that hopes are born”: migration, education and the writing of history’, unpublished paper presented at Migration and Intercultural Identities in Relation to Border Regions in the 19th and 20th centuries, K. U. Leuven, Kortrijk, Belgium, 28 May, 2010.
Becky Francis, Louise Archer and Ada Mau, ‘Language as capital or Language as identity? Chinese complementary school pupils’ perspectives on the purposes and benefits of complementary schools’, British Educational Research Journal, 34, 4 (2009): 519-538.
See also, Louise Archer and Becky Francis, Understanding Minority Ethnic Achievement in Schools. Race, gender, class and ‘success’ (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007).
See, for example, the speech in the House of Commons by Labour Member of Parliament Joan Ryan. House of Commons Hansard Debates, 26 February 2008, column 1065.
Diane Reay and Heidi Safia Mirza, ‘Uncovering Genealogies of the Margins: black supplementary schooling’, British Journal of Sociology 18, 4 (1997): 477-499; Heidi Safia Mirza and Diane Reay, ‘Spaces and Places of Black Educational Desire: Rethinking Supplementary Schools as a New Social Movement’ Sociology 34, 3 (2000) 521-544.
Maureen Stone, The Education of the Black Child in Britain: The Myth of Mulitracial Education (Glasgow: Fontana 1981), 148, 173.
Space permits selective examples of these claims only, but others can be found in Winston James, ‘The Black Experience in Twentieth Century Britain’ in Black Experience and the Empire, ed. Phillip D. Morgan and Sean Hawkins (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004) and Trevor Carter, Shattering Illusions. West Indians in British Politics. (London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1986).
For the genealogical method see Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality Volume One:An Introduction (Harmondsworth: Allen Lane, 1979).
Michel Foucault, “Nietzsche, Genealogy, History” in Language, Counter-memory, Practice, Selected Essays and Interviews, ed. D. Bouchard and S. Simon (New York: Cornell University Press, 1977), 149.
See also Bernadette M. Barker and Katherine E. Heyning (eds.), Dangerous Coagulations? The Uses of Foucault in the Study of Education (New York, Peter Lang 2004).
Valentino A. Jones, We Are Our Own Educators! Josina Machel: From Supplementary to Black Complementary Schools (London: Karia Press, 1986).
Mary J. Hickman, Religion, Class and Identity: the state, the Catholic Church and the education of the Irish in Britain (Aldershot: Avebury, 1995).
See, for example, Mary J. Hickman, ‘Difference, Boundaries, Community: The Irish in Britain’ in Judith Rugg and Daniel Hinchcliffe (eds) Art and Urban Futures: Recoveries and Reclamations (Intellect Press, 2002) and Mary J. Hickman, S. Morgan, B. Walter and J. Bradley, ‘The limitations of whiteness and the boundaries of Englishness: Second-generation Irish identifications and positioning in multiethnic Britain’, Ethnicities, 5, 2 (2005): 160-182.
George Padmore Institute (GPI), London. BEM 2/2/1/2/1-4 undated (January 1972?) constitution of the Caribbean Education and Community Workers Association.
GPI, Black Education Movement (BEM) 2/2/2/3/39-40, typescript account of ‘Talking to Ourselves. Report of The Caribbean Educationalists Association’s weekend semina, 28-30 August 1970’.
‘Who’s Educating Who? The Black Education Movement and the Struggle for Power’, Race Today 182-85; F. Dhondy, B. Beese and L. Hassan, The Black Explosion in British Schools (London: Race Today Publications, 1982).
GPI, BEM 2/2/2/1/4, ‘Preliminary Consultation on Black Supplementary Schools’ 7 January 1972; A. Sivanandan, A Different Hunger. Writings on Black Resistance (London: Pluto Press, 1982): 30; ‘Who’s Educating Who? The Black Education Movement and the Struggle for Power’, Race Today (August 1975) 185.
Hilary Arnott, ‘School of the Streets’, Race Today (March 1971) 94-5.
Nel Clark, ‘Datchwyng Saturday School’ in A. Ohri, B. Manning and P. Curno (eds.) Community Work and Racism (London: Routledge 1982), 123 – 125.
Valentino A. Jones, We Are Our Own Educators! Josina Machel: From Supplementary to Black Complementary School (London: Karia Press, 1986) 2, 4, 11-12.
Stuart Hall, Chas Critcher, Tony Jefferson, John M. Clarke and Brian Roberts, Policing the Crisis. Mugging, the State and Law and Order (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1978)
Stuart Hall (1985) ‘Reconstruction Work’, Ten 8, 16 (1985): 6.
Richard J. Powell, David A. Bailey and Petrine Archer-Straw (eds.) Back to Black. Art, Cinema and the Racial Imaginary (London: Whitechapel, 2005)
D. A. Baliey, Ian Baucom and Sonia Boyce, Shades of Black: Assembling Black Arts in 1980s Britain (Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2005).
On the Black Students’ Collective Action [Black SAC] see Farrukh Dhondy, ‘Teaching Young Blacks’, Race Today (May/June, 1978), 82.
Gus John, The Black Working-Class Movement in Education and Schooling and the 1985-86 Teachers Dispute (London: Black Parents’ Movement, 1986).
Bernard Sharratt, ‘English Roman Catholicism in the 1960s’ in Bishops and Writers: Aspects of the Evolution of Modern English Catholicism ed. Adrian Hastings (Wheathampstead, 1977): 129.
Hickman, ‘Difference, Boundaries, Community’; Paddy Hillyard, Suspect Community: People’s Experience of the Prevention of Terrorism Acts in Britain. (London: Pluto Press, 1992); Bernadette Hyland, ‘My 70s: West of Ireland, East of Manchester’, North West Labour History, 27 (2002): 43-44.
Mirza and Reay, Spaces and Places of Black Educational Desire, argue that despite the routine nature of these activities ‘education as a site for collective social action is often overlooked in the literature on new social movements’. Sociology, 34 (3): 524.
See ‘Written Statement launching Education White Paper (A Framework for Education), Thatcher Archive, www.margaretthatcher.org.speeches (last accessed July 11 2010).
Noel O’ Connell, “Education and the Irish ‘Community’: A Personal View”, Irish Studies in Britain, 7 (1985): 13.
London Metropolitan University (LMU), Archive of the Irish in Britain (AIB), Irish in Britain Representation Group Box 1: Minutes of the second National Conference of the Irish in Britain Representation (26.03.1983), p.4.
LMU, AIB, Irish in Britain Representation Group Box 1: Minutes of the second National Conference of the Irish in Britain Representation (26.03.1983), p.2.
Education for all. Committee of Inquiry into the Education of Children from Ethnic Minority Groups (Swann Report) (London: HMSO, 1985). See also Paul Bracey, ‘Teaching for Diversity? Exploring an Irish Dimension in the School History Curriculum since c.1970’, History of Education 35, 6 (2006): 619-635.
Noel O’ Connell, “Education and the Irish ‘Community’: 13.
London Metropolitan Archive (LMA), IBRG (Harrow). LRB/FN/C4/02/09-10.Funding applications and reports 1983-86.
LMA, IBRG (Camden), LRB/FN/C4/02/56. Funding applications and reports. 1985-86.
LMU, AIB, Irish in Britain Representation Group Box 1; Irish in Britain History Group – Statement of Policy (undated); Irish in Britain HIstory A History of the Irish in Britain (London, 1986); Fionn Mac Cool, ‘March of history’ Irish Post, September 13 1986: 8
On language classes see ‘News’ Irish Studies in Britain, 11 (1987): 5. On theatre see LMU, AIB, Irish in Britain Representation Group Box 1: An Pobal Eirithe (The Risen People), No.3 (n.d.): 15 and, more experimentally, Mick Wallis, ‘Present Consciousness of a Practical Kind: Structure of Feeling Higher Education Drama’ in Raymond Williams: Politics, Education, ed. W.J. Morgan and P. Preston Letters (London: Palgrave Macmillan revised edn., 1993), 129-162.
Paul Bracey,’Perceptions of the contribution of an Irish Dimension in the English History Curriculum, Educational Review, 62, 2 (2010): 203-213.
LMU, IBRG, Box 1: Reports on 1st (February 1984) and 2nd (1990) National Conferences on Irish Dimensions in British Education; Letter and typescript document entitled ‘Racism, Education and the Irish in Britain’ Mary Hickman (IBRG, Islington) to Frances Morrell (leader Inner London Education Authority) 5 August 1983.
Alan Clinton, ‘One Step Forward for Irish Studies’, Irish Studies in Britain, 11 (1987): 18 reports the foundation of the Irish Studies Centre at the Polytechnic of North London in 1986. The Institute of Irish Studies at the University of Liverpool followed in 1988.
For detailed accounts of the development of multicultural education and anti-racist struggles see: Barry Troyna and Jenny Williams, Racism, Education and the State (London: Croom Helm, 1986) and Barry Troyna and Bruce Carrington, Education, Racism and Reform (London: Routledge, 1990)
See the letters in Irish Studies in Britain, no.7, Spring-Summer 1985 and the revealing article by Bernadette Hyland which suggests a politicised and overtly socialist-feminist identity, ‘Searching for the young Irish rebels, An Pobal Eirithe (The Risen People): the magazine of the Irish in Britain Representation Group, No.2 (n.d., 1988?), p.4.
Imanuel Geiss, The Pan African Movement (London: Methuen, 1974); John La Rose, ‘We did not come alive in Britain’, Race Today (March 1976) 62-65; Peter Fryer, The History of Black People in Britain (London: Pluto Press, 1984); Ron Ramdin, The Making of the Black Working Class in Britain (Aldershot: Gower & Wildwood House, 1987).
Catherine Hall, Civilising Subjects. Metropole and Colony in the English Imagination, 1830-1867 (London: Polity): 334-5
John Belchem, Irish, Catholic and Scouse: The History of the Liverpool-Irish,1800-1939 (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2007): chapter 9 and, more speculatively, D. Lloyd, “The Subaltern in Motion: Subalternity, the Popular, and Irish Working Class History”. Postcolonial Studies 8, 4 (2005): 421-437.
Claims about the attraction of Hubbard’s study technology are in LMA 4462/D/01/311, J, Ramlal, Draft manuscript ‘West Indians’ Alternative Supplementary Education’ (n.d., 1981?): 10. John La Rose’s archive at the George Padmore Institute (GPI) demonstrates a wide range of educational interests. See, for example, GPI, Black Education Movement 4/6/1/1: Reports, Fact Sheets and publications on education and play centres 1956-1971 for La Rose’s undated annotations on an Urban Education Centre Brochure.
Desmond Greaves, Reminiscences of the Connolly Association (London, Connolly Association, 1978).
GPI, London. BEM, 4/7/1/6: correspondence on education issues. La Rose to Mr Chapple, Parliamentary Private Secretary to Edward Short, Minister for Education, no date. Short was Minister of Education 1968-70.
Black Parents Movement, Independent Parent Power Independent Student Power: The Key to change in Education and Schooling (BPM, Publication No2, October 1980), no pagination.
Avtar Brah, ‘Black struggles, equality and education’, Critical Social Policy, 24 (1989): 89.
See, Fred Naylor, Dewsbury: The School above the Pub (London: Claridge Press) 1989;
The sentimental view is typified by Peter Willmott’s and Michael Young’s controversial anthropological study Family and Kinship in East London (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1957) and reiterated in the similarly controversial update of the book, Geoff Dench, Kate Gavron and Michael Young The New East End: Kinship, Race and Conflict (London: Profile, 2006). See also Michael Collins, The Likes of US. A Biography of the White Working Class (London: Granta, 2004).