Bhogal, Ricky Harminder and Downing, Richard (2011) The Evolution of Aortic Aneurysm Repair: Past Lessons and Future Directions. In: Aneurysmal Disease of the Thoracic and Abdominal Aorta. InTech, pp. 21-54.
URL of Published Version: http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/the-evolution-of-aortic-aneurysm-repair-past-lessons-and-future-directions
The history and evolution of aortic aneurysm repair demonstrates an important paradigm within surgery, namely the importance of surgical pioneers and innovators who have
strived to achieve technical excellence and improve patient care. It also highlights the wider evolution of surgery from traditional open operative techniques to the modern minimally invasive procedures. The following chapter discusses the surgical innovators and the techniques they have described that have enabled the repair of both thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA) and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA).
Aortic aneurysms represent a significant health risk particularly for the elderly population. AAA is the 14th-leading cause of death for the 60- to 85-year–old age group in the United States (10.8 deaths per 100,000 population). TAA by contrast is less frequent with an incidence of 10.4 per 100,000. Both AAA and TAA are known to increase in prevalence with advancing age and have an increased prevalence in males. The risk of aneurysm rupture increases with increasing aneurysm diameter over 5.5-6.0 cm and is the primary indication for the repair of both TAA and AAA.Therefore surgery to repair both AAA and TAA is either pre-emptive to prevent rupture or emergent to repair a rupture. Repair of TAA and AAA by either open or minimally invasive techniques significantly reduces the risk of rupture and improves patient mortality. The establishment of these techniques has required the development of procedures from embryonic thoughts in the minds of the surgeons of antiquity through to the utilisation of ever increasing modern technologies.
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