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Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction, Stress-Related Appraisals, and Dancers’ Cortisol and Anxiety Responses

Quested, Eleanor and Bosch, J. and Burns, Victoria E and Cumming, Jennifer and Ntoumanis, Nikos and Duda, Joan L (2011) Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction, Stress-Related Appraisals, and Dancers’ Cortisol and Anxiety Responses. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2011 (33). pp. 828-846. ISSN 0895-2779

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URL of Published Version: http://journals.humankinetics.com/jsep-back-issues/jsep-volume-33-issue-6-december/basic-psychological-need-satisfaction-stress-related-appraisals-and-dancersrsquo-cortisol-and-anxiety-responses

Self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000) posits basic psychological need satisfaction (BPNS) as essential for optimal functioning and health. Grounded in this framework, the current study examined the role of BPNS in dancers’ cognitive appraisals and hormonal and emotional responses to performance stress. Dancers reported their degree of BPNS 1 month before a solo performance. Threat and challenge appraisals of the solo were recorded 2 hr before the performance. Salivary cortisol and anxiety were measured 15 min before, and 15, 30, 45, and 60 min postperformance. Higher BPNS was associated with lower cortisol responses and anxiety intensity. Challenge appraisals mediated the association between BPNS and cortisol. Threat appraisals mediated the BPNS–anxiety intensity relationship. These findings point to the potential importance of performers’ BPNS for optimal emotional and hormonal homeostasis in performance conditions.

Type of Work:Article
Date:December 2011 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Subjects:GV Recreation Leisure
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Human Kinetics
ID Code:1146
Refereed:YES
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