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Life events and hemodynamic stress reactivity in the middle-aged and elderly

Carroll, Douglas and Phillips, Anna C. and Ring, Christopher and Der, Geoff and Hunt, Kate (2005) Life events and hemodynamic stress reactivity in the middle-aged and elderly. Psychophysiology, 42 (3). pp. 269-276. ISSN 0048-5772

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URL of Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2005.00282.x

Identification Number/DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2005.00282.x

Recent versions of the reactivity hypothesis, which consider it to be the product of stress exposure and exaggerated haemodynamic reactions to stress that confers cardiovascular disease risk, assume that reactivity is independent of the experience of stressful life events. This assumption was tested in two substantial cohorts, one middle-aged and one elderly. Participants had to indicate from a list of major stressful life events up to six they had experienced in the previous two years. They were also asked to rate how disruptive and stressful they were, at the time of occurrence and now. Blood pressure and pulse rate were measured at rest and in response to acute mental stress. Those who rated the events as highly disruptive at the time of exposure and currently exhibited blunted systolic blood pressure reactions to acute stress. The present results suggest that acute stress reactivity may not be independent of stressful life events experience.

Type of Work:Article
Date:2005 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Subjects:GV Recreation Leisure
R Medicine (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Wiley
ID Code:1175
Refereed:YES
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