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Neuroticism, cortisol reactivity, and antibody response to vaccination

Phillips, Anna C. and Carroll, Douglas and Burns, Victoria E. and Drayson, Mark (2005) Neuroticism, cortisol reactivity, and antibody response to vaccination. Psychophysiology, 42 (2). pp. 232-238. ISSN 0048-5772

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URL of Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2005.00281.x

Identification Number/DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2005.00281.x

This study examined whether neuroticism was related to the antibody response to influenza vaccination and whether the relationship was mediated by cortisol reactions to an acute laboratory mental stress. Antibody status was assessed at baseline and to a trivalent influenza vaccination in 57 students at five-weeks and five-month follow-up. Neuroticism was also measured at baseline. Cortisol was measured at rest and in response to a pressurised mental arithmetic task. At both follow-ups, higher neuroticism scores were associated with poorer A/Panama antibody response, following adjustment for baseline antibody titre. Higher neuroticism scores were also associated with blunted cortisol reactivity, and blunted cortisol reactivity was associated with poorer A/Panama antibody response, but only at five months. However, there was no conclusive evidence that cortisol reactivity mediated the association between neuroticism and antibody response.

Type of Work:Article
Date:2005 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Subjects:GV Recreation Leisure
R Medicine (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Wiley-Blackwell
ID Code:1176
Refereed:YES
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