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The effects of the spontaneous presence of a spouse/partner and others on cardiovascular reactions to an acute psychological challenge

Phillips, Anna C. and Carroll, Douglas and Hunt, Kate and Der, Geoff (2006) The effects of the spontaneous presence of a spouse/partner and others on cardiovascular reactions to an acute psychological challenge. Psychophysiology, 43 (6). pp. 633-640. ISSN 0048-5772

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URL of Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2006.00462.x

Identification Number/DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2006.00462.x

The presence of supportive others has been associated with attenuated cardiovascular reactivity in the laboratory. The effects of the presence of a spouse and others in a more naturalistic setting have received little attention. Blood pressure and heart rate reactions to mental stress were recorded at home in 1028 married/partnered individuals. For 112 participants, their spouse/partner was present; for 78, at least one other person was present. Women tested with a spouse/partner present showed lower magnitude systolic blood pressure and heart rate reactivity than those tested without. Individuals tested with at least one nonspousal other present also displayed attenuated reactivity. This extends the results of laboratory studies and indicates that the spontaneous presence of others is associated with a reduction in cardiovascular reactivity in an everyday environment; spouse/partner presence would appear to be especially effective for women.

Type of Work:Article
Date:2006 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Subjects:GV Recreation Leisure
R Medicine (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Wiley-Blackwell
ID Code:1179
Refereed:YES
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