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Self-reported health and cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress in a large community sample: Cross-sectional and prospective associations

Phillips, Anna C. and Der, Geoff and Carroll, Douglas (2009) Self-reported health and cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress in a large community sample: Cross-sectional and prospective associations. Psychophysiology, 46 (5). pp. 1020-1027. ISSN 00485772

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URL of Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2009.00843.x

Identification Number/DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2009.00843.x

Exaggerated cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress have been implicated in a number of adverse health outcomes. This study examined, in a large community sample, the cross-sectional and prospective associations between reactivity and self-reported health. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured at rest and in response to an arithmetic stress task. Self-reported health was assessed concurrently and five years later. In cross-sectional analyses, those with excellent/good self-reported health exhibited larger cardiovascular reactions than those with fair/poor subjective health. In prospective analyses, participants who had larger cardiovascular reactions to stress were more likely to report excellent/good health five years later, taking into account their reported health status at the earlier assessment. The findings suggest that greater cardiovascular reactivity may not always be associated with negative health outcomes.

Type of Work:Article
Date:2009 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Subjects:GV Recreation Leisure
R Medicine (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Wiley Blackwell
ID Code:1204
Refereed:YES
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