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Blunted cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress predict symptoms of depression five years later: Evidence from a large community study

Phillips, Anna C. and Hunt, Kate and Der, Geoff and Carroll, Douglas (2010) Blunted cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress predict symptoms of depression five years later: Evidence from a large community study. Psychophysiology, 48 (1). pp. 142-148. ISSN 00485772

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URL of Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2010.01045.x

Identification Number/DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2010.01045.x

We recently reported a cross-sectional negative relationship between cardiovascular reactivity and depressive symptoms. The present analyses examined the prospective association between reactivity and symptoms of depression five years later. At the earlier time point depressive symptoms, using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and cardiovascular reactions to a standard mental stress were measured in 1608 adults comprising three distinct age cohorts: 24-, 44-, and 63-year olds. Depression was re-assessed using the HADS five years later. Heart rate reactions to acute psychological stress were negatively associated with subsequent depressive symptoms; the lower the reactivity the higher the depression scores. This association withstood adjustment for symptom scores at the earlier time point, and for socio-demographic factors and medication status. The mechanisms underlying this prospective relationship remain to be determined.

Type of Work:Article
Date:2010 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Subjects:BF Psychology
GV Recreation Leisure
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Wiley
ID Code:1224
Refereed:YES
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