ePrints Repository

Refugees, acculturation strategies, stress and integration

Phillimore, Jenny (2011) Refugees, acculturation strategies, stress and integration. Journal of Social Policy, 40 (3). ISSN 0047-2794

PDF (285Kb)Accepted Version

URL of Published Version: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=JSP

Identification Number/DOI: 10.1017/S0047279410000929

The advent of super-diversity and politicisation of migration has been accompanied by heightened interest in migrant settlement. Much has been written in policy and academic fields about the importance of integration particularly in relation to the settlement of refugees. However little attention has been paid to the varied settlement experiences of individual refugees or how personal, cultural and experiential factors combine to influence settlement experiences. This paper turns to cross-cultural psychology’s discussion of acculturation processes and in particular Berry’s acculturation strategies (Berry 1997) to look at the different factors that influence acculturation and how these factors impact upon the ability of individual refugees to integrate. Using qualitative data collected from 138 interviews with refugees living in Birmingham, England, the paper shows how a range of group and individual factors relating to their experiences both in refugees’ home and host countries influence the acculturation strategies adopted by different refugees. It shows that in the current policy environment many refugees lack choice about acculturation strategy, are vulnerable to psychosocial stress and struggle to integrate.

Type of Work:Article
Date:July 2011 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Social Sciences
Department:Third Sector Research Centre

Ager, A. and Strang, A. (2008) Understanding Integration: A Conceptual Framework, Journal of Refugee Studies. 2008.
Ager, A. and A. Strang (2004), Indicators of integration: final report. London: Home Office. Home Office Development and Practice Report 28.

Banton, M. 2001. ‘National Integration in France and Britain’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 27, 1, Jan: 151-68.

Berry, J.W. (1997) Immigration, Acculturation and Adaptation, in Applied Psychology: An International Review, Vol. 46, No. 1, pp. 5-68.

Berry, J., Kim, U., Minde, T. & Mok, D. Comparative studies of accultrative stress. International Migration Review 21 pp: 491-511.

Bhatia, S. & Ram, A. (2001) Rethinking acculturation in relation to diasporic cultures and postcolonial identities. Human Development, 44 pp:1-17

Bhatia, S. & Ram, A. (2009) Theorizing identity in transnational and diaspora cultures: a critical approach to acculturation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations 33 (2) pp:140-149.

Bloch, A. (2002) Refugees' opportunities and barriers in employment and training. DWP Research Report series (no. 179) 83.
Boswell, C. 2000. European Values and the Asylum Crisis, International Affairs, Vol.76, No.3, 537-557.

Burnett, A. & Peel, M. (2001) Asylum seekers and refugees in Britain:heath needs of Asylum Seekers and Refugees. British Medical Journal 322: 544-547.

Cantle, T. (2008) Parallel lives – the development of community cohesion. In (Johnson, N. Ed.) Citizenship, cohesion and solidarity. London: Smith Institute p: 9-20
Cantle (2005) Community cohesion: a new framework for race and diversity. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Castles, S. and Davidson, A. (2000) Citizenship and migration: globalisation and the politics of belonging Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Commission for Integration and Cohesion (CIC) 2007 Our shared future. Commission on Integration and Cohesion or www.integrationandcohesion.org.uk

Crisp, J., 2004 New Issues in Refugee Research: The local integration and local settlement of refugees: a conceptual and historical analysis, Geneva, Global Commission on International Migration

Duvell, F. & Jordan, B. (2002) Immigration, asylum and welfare: the European context. Critical Social Policy 22 (3) 498-517.

Favell, A. (1998) Philosophies Of Integration: Immigration and The Ideal Of Citizenship In France and Britain. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Gameledin-Adhami, M., Cooper, L. and Knight (2002) Refugee settlement: can communities cope? London: Evelyn Oldfield Unit.
Griffiths, D., Sigonda, N., and Zetter, R. (2006) Integrative paradigms, marginal reality: refugee community organisations and dispersal in Britain. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 32 (5) pp 881- 898.
Hall, S. (1990) Cultural identity and diaspora. In Rutherford, J. (ed.) Identity and difference. London: Sage pp: 221-237.

Hall, S. (1997) Old and new identities, old and new ethnicities. In King, A. (ed.) Culture, globalisation and the world-system: contemporary conditions for the representations of identity. Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis Press pp: 41-68.

Home Office (2002) Secure Borders Safe Haven: Integration with diversity in modern Britain. London: HMSO.
Home Office, (2005), Integration Matters, Home Office: London.

Home Office (2007) A strategy to ensure and enforce compliance with our immigration rules. London: Home Office.

Home Office (2009) Moving on together: the Government’s recommitment to supporting refugees. Home Office: London

Hubbard, P. (2005) Accommodating Otherness: anti-asylum centre protest and the maintenance of white privilege, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers Vol.30, No.1, 52-65.
Huysmans, J. (1995) Migrants as a security problem: dangers of ‘‘securitizing’’ societal
issues, in R. Miles and D. Thränhardt (eds), Migration and European Integration:
The Dynamics of Inclusion and Exclusion, London: Pinter Publishers, p: 53–72

Ipsos Mori, 2003. British views of immigration poll, available at: www.ipsos-mori.com/polls/2003/migration.shtml

Korac, M., 2003 ‘Integration and How We Facilitate It: A Comparative Study of the Settlement Experiences of Refugees in Italy and the Netherlands’, Sociology, 37(1), 51-68

Law, I. (2009) Racism, ethnicity, migration and social security. In Millar, J. ed. Understanding social security. Bristol: Policy Press.

Lemaitre, G. & Thoreau, C. (2006) Estimating the foreign born population on a current basis. Geneva: OECD.

Mestheneos, E. and E. Ioannidi (2002) Obstacles to Refugee Integration in the European Union Member States, in Journal of Refugee Studies, Vol.15, No. 3, pp. 304-320.

Murphy, D., Ndegwa, D. Kanani, A., Rojas-Jaimes C. and Webster A. (2002) Mental Health of Refugees in Inner-London. Psychiatric Bulletin. 26: 222-224.

Parekh, B. (2008) A new politics of identity: political principles for an interdependent world. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Phillimore, J. el al. (2009) Making a difference: Empowering Migrant and Refugee Community Organisations. Report for Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Phillimore, J., Ergun, E., & Goodson, L. Hennessy, D. (2007) They do not understand the problems I have. Refugee well-being and mental health. Report for JRF and BNCN

Phillimore, J., Tice, A., Craig, L., Sankey, S. (2005) Evaluating the Outcomes of Refugee Support, Birmingham City Council, Birmingham, School of Public Policy, The University of Birmingham.

Phillimore, J. & Goodson, L. (2010) Failing to adapt: institutional barriers to RCOs engagement in transformation of social welfare. Social Policy and Society 9 (2) 1-12.
Phillimore, J., Ergun, E., Hennessy, D. & Lee, P. (2007) Evaluating the Outcomes of Refugee Support, Birmingham City Council, Birmingham, School of Public Policy, The University of Birmingham
Phillimore, J. (Forthcoming) Approaches to health provision in the age of super-diversity: accessing the NHS in Britain’s most diverse city. Critical Social Policy.
Phillimore, J. (2009) Restrictionalism vs liberalism? The rupture between asylum and integration in the EU. In Salah, M. (ed.) Assimilation, Multiculturalism or Integration in Europe. London: Trentham.
Phillimore, J. (2009b forthcoming) Monitoring for equality? Asylum seekers and refugees’ retention and achievement in ESOL. International Journal of Inclusive Education

Phillimore, J. (2008) Employability initiatives for refugees in the EU: building on good practice. In Mckay, S. (ed.) Refugees, recent migrants and employment challenging barriers and exploring pathways, London: Routledge

Phillips, D. (2006) Moving towards integration: the housing of asylum seekers and refugees in Britain, Housing Studies 21 (4), pp. 539-553.

Sales, R. (2002) The deserving and the undeserving? Refugees, asylum seekers and welfare in Britain, Critical Social Policy, Vol. 22, 3, pp. 456-478.

Schibel, Y. et al. (2002) Refugee Integration: Can research synthesis inform policy? Feasibility study report, RDS ON-line Report 13/02.

Stenner, P., Barnes, M. & Taylor, D. (2008) Psychosocial welfare: contributions to an emerging field. Critical Social Policy 28 (4) pp: 411-414.

Schierup, C., Hansen, P & Castles, S. (2006) Migration, citizenship, and the European welfare state. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

UNHCR (2008) Global Trends: Refugees, Asylum-seekers, Returnees, Internally Displaced and Stateless Persons

Vertovec, S. (2008) Super-diversity and its implications. Ethnic and racial studies 30 (6) p:1024-1054

Watters, C. (2001) Emerging paradigms in the mental health care of refugees. Social Science and Medicine 52 1709-1718.

Zetter, R., Griffiths, D., Sigona, N. and Hauser, M., (2002) Survey on Policy and Practice Related to Refugee Integration, Oxford, European Refugee Fund Community Actions 2001/2002; conducted by School of Planning, Oxford Brookes University.

Keywords:Refugees, acculturation, integration, psychosocial stress
Subjects:H Social Sciences (General)
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Cambridge Journals
ID Code:1397
Local Holdings:
Export Reference As : ASCII + BibTeX + Dublin Core + EndNote + HTML + METS + MODS + OpenURL Object + Reference Manager + Refer + RefWorks
Share this item :
QR Code for this page

Repository Staff Only: item control page