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The age related prevalence of aggression and self-injury in persons with an intellectual disability: A review

Davies, L and Oliver, C (2013) The age related prevalence of aggression and self-injury in persons with an intellectual disability: A review. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 34 (2). pp. 764-775.

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URL of Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2012.10.004

Identification Number/DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2012.10.004

The aim of this study was to analyse statistically published data regarding the age related prevalence of aggression and self-injury in persons with intellectual disability. Studies including prevalence data for aggression and/or self-injury broken down by age band were identified and relative risk analyses conducted to generate indices of age related change. Despite conflicting results, the analysis conducted on included studies considered to be the most methodologically robust indicated that the relative risk of self-injury, and to a lesser extent aggression, increased with age until mid-adulthood, with some indication of a curvilinear relationship for self-injury. These conclusions have implications for the understanding of the development of different forms of challenging behavior and the importance of early intervention strategies.

Type of Work:Article
Date:February 2013 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Psychology
Department:School of Psychology

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Keywords:intellectual disability, challenging behaviour, self-injury, aggression, age, prevalence.
Subjects:BF Psychology
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:L. Davies, C. Oliver
ID Code:1427
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