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Achievement goals, self-handicapping, and performance: A 2 × 2 achievement goal perspective

Ntoumanis, Nikos and Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Cecilie and Smith, Alison (2009) Achievement goals, self-handicapping, and performance: A 2 × 2 achievement goal perspective. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27 (13). pp. 1471-1482. ISSN 0264-0414

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URL of Published Version: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a915356817~db=all~jumptype=rss

Identification Number/DOI: 10.1080/02640410903150459

Elliot and colleagues (2006) examined the effects of experimentally induced achievement goals, proposed by the
trichotomous model, on self-handicapping and performance in physical education. Our study replicated and extended the
work of Elliot et al. by experimentally promoting all four goals proposed by the 262 model (Elliot & McGregor, 2001),
measuring the participants’ own situational achievement goals, using a relatively novel task, and testing the participants in a group setting. We used a randomized experimental design with four conditions that aimed to induce one of the four goals advanced by the 262 model. The participants (n¼138) were undergraduates who engaged in a dart-throwing task. The results pertaining to self-handicapping partly replicated Elliot and colleagues’ findings by showing that experimentally promoted performance-avoidance goals resulted in less practice. In contrast, the promotion of mastery-avoidance goals did
not result in less practice compared with either of the approach goals. Dart-throwing performance did not differ among the four goal conditions. Personal achievement goals did not moderate the effects of experimentally induced goals on selfhandicapping and performance. The extent to which mastery-avoidance goals are maladaptive is discussed, as well as the interplay between personal and experimentally induced goals.

Type of Work:Article
Date:26 September 2009 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Subjects:GV Recreation Leisure
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Taylor and Francis
ID Code:377
Refereed:YES
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