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Motivational Predictors of Physical Education Students’ Effort, Exercise Intentions, and Leisure-Time Physical Activity: A Multilevel Linear Growth Analysis

Taylor, Ian M. and Ntoumanis, Nikos and Standage, Martyn and Spray, Christopher M. (2010) Motivational Predictors of Physical Education Students’ Effort, Exercise Intentions, and Leisure-Time Physical Activity: A Multilevel Linear Growth Analysis. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32 (1). pp. 99-120. ISSN 0895-2779

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URL of Published Version: http://hk.humankinetics.com/jsep/viewarticle.cfm?jid=ddTFYasznjMPRpm6udCTUrWafeXCLb8AzyTWVbZMatBNNz&aid=17778&site=ddTFYasznjMPRpm6udCTUrWafeXCLb8AzyTWVbZMatBNNz

Grounded in self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 2000), the current study explored whether physical education (PE) students’ psychological needs and their motivational regulations toward PE predicted mean differences and changes in effort in PE, exercise intentions, and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) over the course of one UK school trimester. One hundred and seventy-eight students (69% male) aged between 11 and 16 years completed a multisection questionnaire at the beginning, middle, and end of a school trimester. Multilevel growth models revealed that students’ perceived competence and self-determined regulations were the most consistent predictors of the outcome variables at the within- and between-person levels. The results of this work add to the extant SDT-based literature by examining change in PE students’ motivational regulations and psychological needs, as well as underscoring the importance of disaggregating within- and between-student effects.

Type of Work:Article
Date:February 2010 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Science
Subjects:GV Recreation Leisure
BF Psychology
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Human Kinetics
ID Code:385
Refereed:YES
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