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Goal Striving, Goal Attainment,and Well-Being: Adapting and Testing the Self-Concordance Model in Sport

Smith, Alison and Ntoumanis, Nikos and Duda, Joan L (2007) Goal Striving, Goal Attainment,and Well-Being: Adapting and Testing the Self-Concordance Model in Sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 29 (6). pp. 763-782. ISSN 0895-2779

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URL of Published Version: http://journals.humankinetics.com/jsep-back-issues/JSEPVolume29Issue6December/GoalStrivingGoalAttainmentandWellBeingAdaptingandTestingtheSelfConcordanceModelinSport

Identification Number/DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2009.2123

Grounded in self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985) and the self-concordance model (Sheldon & Elliot, 1999), this study examined the motivational processes underlying goal striving in sport as well as the role of perceived coach autonomy support in the goal process. Structural equation modeling with a sample of 210 British athletes showed that autonomous goal motives positively
predicted effort, which, in turn, predicted goal attainment. Goal attainment was positively linked to need satisfaction, which, in turn, predicted psychological
well-being. Effort and need satisfaction were found to mediate the associations between autonomous motives and goal attainment and between attainment and well-being, respectively. Controlled motives negatively predicted well-being, and coach autonomy support positively predicted both autonomous motives and need satisfaction. Associations of autonomous motives with effort were not reducible to goal difficulty, goal specificity, or goal efficacy. These findings support the selfconcordance model as a framework for further research on goal setting in sport.

Type of Work:Article
Date:2007 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Subjects:GV Recreation Leisure
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Human Kinetics
ID Code:405
Refereed:YES
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