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The Coach–Athlete Relationship Questionnaire (CART-Q): Development and Initial Validation

Jowett, Sophia and Ntoumanis, Nikos (2004) The Coach–Athlete Relationship Questionnaire (CART-Q): Development and Initial Validation. Scandinavian Journal Of Medicine & Science In Sports, 14 (4). pp. 245-257.

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URL of Published Version: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/118785900/PDFSTART

Identification Number/DOI: 10.1046/j.1600-0838.2003.00338.x

The purpose of the present study was to develop and validate
a self-report instrument that measures the nature of the
coach–athlete relationship. Jowett et al.’s (Jowett & Meek,
2000; Jowett, in press) qualitative case studies and relevant literature were used to generate items for an instrument that measures affective, cognitive, and behavioral aspects of the coach–athlete relationship. Two studies were carried out in an attempt to assess content, predictive, and construct validity, as well as internal consistency, of the Coach–Athlete Relationship questionnaire (CART-Q), using two independent British samples. Principal component analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were used to reduce the number of items, identify principal components, and confirm the latent structure of the CART-Q. Results supported the multidimensional nature of the coach–athlete relationship.
The latent structure of the CART-Q was underlined by the
latent variables of coaches’ and athletes’ Closeness (emotions), Commitment (cognitions), and Complementarity
(behaviors).

Type of Work:Article
Date:2004 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Sport & Exercise Science
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Keywords:coach–athlete relationship, scale development, validation
Subjects:GV Recreation Leisure
BF Psychology
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Blackwell Publishing
ID Code:414
Refereed:YES
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