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Eye muscle proprioception is represented bilaterally in the sensorimotor cortex

Balslev, Daniela and Albert, Neil B. and Miall, R. Chris (2010) Eye muscle proprioception is represented bilaterally in the sensorimotor cortex. Human Brain Mapping. n/a. ISSN 10970193

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URL of Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.21050

Identification Number/DOI: doi:10.1002/hbm.21050

The cortical representation of eye position is still uncertain. In the monkey a proprioceptive representation of the extraocular muscles (EOM) of an eye were recently found within the contralateral central sulcus. In humans, we have previously shown a change in the perceived position of the right eye after a virtual lesion with rTMS over the left somatosensory area. However, it is possible that the proprioceptive representation of the EOM extends to other brain sites, which were not examined in these previous studies. The aim of this fMRI study was to sample the whole brain to identify the proprioceptive representation for the left and the right eye separately. Data were acquired while passive eye movement was used to stimulate EOM proprioceptors in the absence of a motor command. We also controlled for the tactile stimulation of the eyelid by removing from the analysis voxels activated by eyelid touch alone. For either eye, the brain area commonly activated
by passive and active eye movement was located bilaterally in the somatosensory area extending into the motor and premotor cytoarchitectonic areas. We suggest this is where EOM proprioception is processed. The bilateral representation for either eye contrasts with the contralateral representation of hand proprioception. We suggest that the proprioceptive representation of the two eyes next to each other in either somatosensory cortex and extending into the premotor cortex reflects the integrative nature of the eye position sense, which combines proprioceptive information across the two eyes with the efference copy of the oculomotor command

Type of Work:Article
Date:2010 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:Psychology
Subjects:BF Psychology
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:John Wiley and Sons Ltd
ID Code:425
Refereed:YES
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