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A test of self-determination theory in the exercise domain

Edmunds, Jemma and Ntoumanis, Nikos and Duda, Joan L (2006) A test of self-determination theory in the exercise domain. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36 (9). pp. 2240-2265. ISSN 0021-9029

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URL of Published Version: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/118620084/PDFSTART

Identification Number/DOI: 10.1111/j.0021-9029.2006.00102.x

In accordance with self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 1985), this study examined the relationship between autonomy support, psychological need satisfaction,
motivational regulations, and exercise behavior. Participants (N5369) were recruited from fitness, community, and retail settings. Fulfillment of the 3 basic psychological needs (i.e., competence, autonomy, and relatedness) related to more self-determined motivational regulations. Identified and introjected regulations
emerged as positive predictors of strenuous and total exercise behaviors. Competence need satisfaction also predicted directly and indirectly via identified
regulation strenuous exercise. For participants engaged in organized fitness classes, perceptions of autonomy support provided by exercise class leaders predicted
psychological need satisfaction. Furthermore, competence need satisfaction partially mediated the relationship between autonomy support and intrinsic motivation.
These findings support SDT in the exercise domain.

Type of Work:Article
Date:August 2006 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Sport & Exercise Science
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Additional Information:

The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com

Subjects:GV Recreation Leisure
BF Psychology
Institution:University of Birmingham, Coventry University
Copyright Holders:Blackwell Publishing
ID Code:427
Refereed:YES
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