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Peer motivational climate in youth sport: a qualitative inquiry

Vazou, Spiridoula and Ntoumanis, Nikos and Duda, Joan L (2005) Peer motivational climate in youth sport: a qualitative inquiry. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 6 (5). pp. 497-516. ISSN 1469-0292

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URL of Published Version: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6W6K-4DDR555-1-1&_cdi=6601&_user=122868&_pii=S146902920400055X&_orig=browse&_coverDate=09%2F30%2F2005&_sk=999939994&view=c&wchp=dGLzVlz-zSkWA&md5=8830e7b81e2ed3009e94d44e0b25967b&ie=/sdarticle.pdf

Identification Number/DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2004.03.005

Objectives: Little is known about the influence and nature of the motivational climate initiated by peer groups
on children’s sport behaviour and experiences. To address this research need, in-depth interviews were employed in
order to identify the factors that underpin the motivational climate created by peers in youth sport.

Methods: Individually and in small focus groups, 14 boys and 16 girls (NZ30), aged between 12 and 16 years old from both individual and team sports, were interviewed regarding peer-induced characteristics of their motivational climates.

Results: Using content analyses, the following 11 dimensions of peer climate emerged: cooperation, effort,
improvement, mistakes, intra-team competition, intra-team conflict, equal treatment, normative ability, autonomy
support, evaluation of competence and relatedness support.

Conclusions: Some of the resulting dimensions are similar to the factors included in existing instruments assessing adult (i.e. PE teacher or coach-created) motivational climates. However, some facets of the climate unique to peer groups were also identified in this study. The theoretical implications of these findings are discussed
and suggestions for future research on the peer motivational climate are provided.

Type of Work:Article
Date:September 2005 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Sport & Exercise Science
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Keywords:Content analysis, Peers, Motivational climate, Psychological needs
Subjects:GV Recreation Leisure
BF Psychology
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Elsevier
ID Code:432
Refereed:YES
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