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Predicting young athletes’ motivational indices as a function of their perceptions of the coach- and peer-created climate

Vazou, Spiridoula and Ntoumanis, Nikos and Duda, Joan L (2006) Predicting young athletes’ motivational indices as a function of their perceptions of the coach- and peer-created climate. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 7 (2). pp. 215-223. ISSN 1469-0292

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URL of Published Version: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6W6K-4HC0R32-1-1&_cdi=6601&_user=122868&_pii=S1469029205000713&_orig=browse&_coverDate=03%2F31%2F2006&_sk=999929997&view=c&wchp=dGLbVzW-zSkzk&md5=20b7da3e262c6aeaf694293d667573c5&ie=/sdarticle.pdf

Identification Number/DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2005.08.007

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the additive and interactive influence of perceptions of the
coach- and peer-created motivational climates (MC) on affective (physical self-worth, enjoyment, trait anxiety)
and behavioural (exerted effort as rated by the coach) responses of young athletes. Age and gender differences in
athletes’ views regarding these psychological environments were also examined.

Design: Cross-sectional; participants responded to a number of questionnaires assessing peer and coach motivational climate, and affective and behavioural responses in youth sport.

Methods: Participants were 493 young athletes, age 12–17 years (M ageZ14.08; SDZ1.29), from various individual and team sports.

Results: Hierarchical regression analyses, controlling for age and gender, showed that a perceived task-involving
peer MC was the only predictor of physical self-worth. A perceived ego-involving coach climate emerged as the only predictor of trait anxiety. Enjoyment was predicted positively by both coach and peer task-involving MCs,
whereas reported effort was predicted only by the coach task-involving MC. A 2-way MANOVA revealed that perceptions of ego-involving coach and peer MCs were higher among males, whereas females reported higher perceptions of task-involving coach and peer MCs, whereas no age differences were identified. A significant age–gender interaction effect on the peer ego-involving MC emerged.

Conclusions: The findings provide evidence for the importance of peer-created MC in youth sport and suggest that both coach and peer influence should be considered in future research on young athletes’ self perceptions and
motivation-related responses in sport.

Type of Work:Article
Date:March 2006 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Sport & Exercise Science
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Keywords:Motivational climate, Physical self-worth, Enjoyment, Anxiety, Effort, Youth sport
Subjects:GV Recreation Leisure
BF Psychology
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Elsevier
ID Code:433
Refereed:YES
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