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Diverse CD81 proteins support hepatitis C virus infection.

Flint, Mike and von Hahn, Thomas and Zhang, Jie and Farquhar, Michelle and Jones, Christopher T and Balfe, Peter and Rice, Charles M and McKeating, Jane A (2006) Diverse CD81 proteins support hepatitis C virus infection. Journal of virology, 80 (22). pp. 11331-42. ISSN 0022-538X

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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) entry is dependent on CD81. To investigate whether the CD81 sequence is a determinant of HCV host range, we expressed a panel of diverse CD81 proteins and tested their ability to interact with HCV. CD81 large extracellular loop (LEL) sequences were expressed as recombinant proteins; the human and, to a low level, the African green monkey sequences bound soluble HCV E2 (sE2) and inhibited infection by retrovirus pseudotype particles bearing HCV glycoproteins (HCVpp). In contrast, mouse or rat CD81 proteins failed to bind sE2 or to inhibit HCVpp infection. However, CD81 proteins from all species, when expressed in HepG2 cells, conferred susceptibility to infection by HCVpp and cell culture-grown HCV to various levels, with the rat sequence being the least efficient. Recombinant human CD81 LEL inhibited HCVpp infectivity only if present during the virus-cell incubation, consistent with a role for CD81 after virus attachment. Amino acid changes that abrogate sE2 binding (I182F, N184Y, and F186S, alone or in combination) were introduced into human CD81. All three amino acid changes in human CD81 resulted in a molecule that still supported HCVpp infection, albeit with reduced efficiency. In summary, there is a remarkable plasticity in the range of CD81 sequences that can support HCV entry, suggesting that CD81 polymorphism may contribute to, but alone does not define, the HCV susceptibility of a species. In addition, the capacity to support viral entry is only partially reflected by assays measuring sE2 interaction with recombinant or full-length CD81 proteins.

Type of Work:Article
Date:2006 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Medicine
Department:Immunity and Infection
Subjects:R Medicine (General)
QR355 Virology
QR180 Immunology
QR Microbiology
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:American Society for Microbiology.
ID Code:489
Refereed:YES
Local Holdings:
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