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Goal Striving, Coping, and Well-Being: A Prospective Investigation of the Self-Concordance Model in Sport

Smith, Alison L. and Ntoumanis, Nikos and Duda, Joan L and Vansteenkiste, Maarten (2011) Goal Striving, Coping, and Well-Being: A Prospective Investigation of the Self-Concordance Model in Sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 33 (1). pp. 124-145. ISSN 0895-2779

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URL of Published Version: http://journals.humankinetics.com/jsep-current-issue/jsep-volume-33-issue-1-february/Goal-Striving-Coping-and-Well-Being-A-Prospective-Investigation-of-the-Self-Concordance-Model-in-Sport

Developing upon cross-sectional research (Smith, Ntoumanis, & Duda, 2007) sup­porting the self-concordance model (Sheldon & Elliot, 1999) as a framework for contextual goal striving, the current study investigated the assumptions of the model in relation to season-long goal striving in sport. The study additionally examined the role of coping strategies in the persistence of goal-directed effort. Structural equation modeling analysis with a sample of 97 British athletes indicated that start-of-season autonomous goal motives were linked to midseason effort, which subsequently predicted end-of-season goal attainment. Attainment was positively related to changes in psychological need satisfaction, which, in turn, predicted changes in emotional well-being. In a second model, autonomous and controlled motives positively predicted task- and disengagement-oriented coping strategies, respectively. In turn, these strategies were differentially associated with effort. The findings provide support for contextual adaptations of the self-concordance model and demonstrate the role of coping strategies in the goal striving process.

Type of Work:Article
Date:2011 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Subjects:GV Recreation Leisure
BF Psychology
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Human Kinetics
ID Code:609
Refereed:YES
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