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# The use of threshold photoelectron–photoion coincidence spectroscopy to probe the spectroscopic and dynamic properties of the valence states of CCl3F+, CCl3H+ and CCl3Br+

Seccombe, D. P. and Chim, R. Y. L. and Jarvis, G. K. and Tuckett, R. P. (2000) The use of threshold photoelectron–photoion coincidence spectroscopy to probe the spectroscopic and dynamic properties of the valence states of CCl3F+, CCl3H+ and CCl3Br+. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2 (4). pp. 769-780. ISSN 1463-9076

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URL of Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/a907837a

Identification Number/DOI: 10.1039/a907837a

Using tunable vacuum-UV radiation from a synchrotron source in the range 10-25 eV, threshold photoelectron - photoion coincidence (TPEPICO) spectroscopy has been used to determine the decay pathways of the valence electronic states of CCl$$_3$$X$$^+$$ (X = F,H,Br). TPEPICO spectra are recorded continuously as a function of photon energy, allowing threshold photoelectron spectra and yields of the fragment ions to be obtained. At fixed photon energies, spectra are also recorded with improved time resolution, allowing total mean translational kinetic energy releases, <KE>$$_t$$, into some dissociation channels to be determined. By comparing <KE>$$_t$$ values for single bond-fission processes (i.e. cleavage of a C-Cl or C-X bond) with those predicted for the limiting extremes of a statistical and an impulsive dissociation, information on the nature of the photodissociation dynamics can be inferred. Excited states of all three parent cations show evidence for isolated-state behaviour, and the <KE>$$_t$$ values suggest a relationship between the part of the molecule where ionisation occurs and the bond that breaks to form daughter ion + neutral atom products ; impulsive values of <KE>$$_t$$ are more likely to be obtained when the breaking bond lies close to the part of the molecule where ionisation occurs, statistical values when ionisation occurs further away from the breaking bond. At higher photon energies, smaller fragment ions are formed following cleavage of more than one bond. With CCl$$_3$$F and CCl$$_3$$Br, the appearance energies of the daughter ions are close to the thermochemical energy for production of that ion with isolated neutral atoms, suggesting strongly that these ions form by bond-fission processes only. With CCl$$_3$$H, at certain energies some fragment ions can only form with molecular neutral fragments (e.g. CCl$$_2^+$$ + HCl), involving bond-breaking and bond-making processes. It is suggested that this phenomenon is related to the small size of the hydrogen atom, and hence less steric hindrance in a tightly-constrained transition state along the reaction coordinate.

Type of Work: Article 2000 (Publication) Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Chemical Sciences School of Chemistry, School of Physics and Astronomy QD ChemistryQC Physics University of Birmingham The authors, Royal Society of Chemistry 665 YES

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