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Reflexive and preparatory selection and suppression of salient information in the right and left posterior parietal cortex

Mevorach, Carmel and Humphreys, Glyn W. and Shalev, Lilach (2009) Reflexive and preparatory selection and suppression of salient information in the right and left posterior parietal cortex. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 21 (6). pp. 1204-14. ISSN 0898-929X

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URL of Published Version: http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/full/10.1162/jocn.2009.21088

Identification Number/DOI: 10.1162/jocn.2009.21088

Attentional cues can trigger activity in the parietal cortex in anticipation of visual displays, and this activity may, in turn, induce changes in other areas of the visual cortex, hence, implementing attentional selection. In a recent TMS study [Mevorach, C., Humphreys, G. W., & Shalev, L. Opposite biases in salience-based selection for the left and right posterior parietal cortex. Nature Neuroscience, 9, 740-742, 2006b], it was shown that the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) can utilize the relative saliency (a nonspatial property) of a target and a distractor to bias visual selection. Furthermore, selection was lateralized so that the right PPC is engaged when salient information must be selected and the left PPC when the salient information must be ignored. However, it is not clear how the PPC implements these complementary forms of selection. Here we used on-line triple-pulse TMS over the right or left PPC prior to or after the onset of global/local displays. When delivered after the onset of the display, TMS to the right PPC disrupted the selection of the more salient aspect of the hierarchical letter. In contrast, left PPC TMS delivered prior to the onset of the stimulus disrupted responses to the lower saliency stimulus. These findings suggest that selection and suppression of saliency, rather than being "two sides of the same coin," are fundamentally different processes. Selection of saliency seems to operate reflexively, whereas suppression of saliency relies on a preparatory phase that "sets up" the system in order to effectively ignore saliency.

Type of Work:Article
Date:2009 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Psychology
Keywords:TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION; SPATIAL ATTENTION; VISUAL-ATTENTION; NEURAL SYSTEMS; STIMULUS; NEGLECT; FMRI; TIME; REPRESENTATION; INVOLVEMENT
Subjects:RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
BF Psychology
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:Massachusetts Institute of Technology
ID Code:686
Refereed:YES
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