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Threshold photoelectron photoion coincidence spectroscopy and selected ion flow tube cation-molecule reaction studies of cyclic-C4F8

Parkes, M. A. and Ali, S. and Tuckett, R. P. and Mikhailov, Victor A. and Mayhew, C. A. (2006) Threshold photoelectron photoion coincidence spectroscopy and selected ion flow tube cation-molecule reaction studies of cyclic-C4F8. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 8 (31). pp. 3643-3652. ISSN 1463-9076

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URL of Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b604726b

Identification Number/DOI: doi:10.1039/b604726b

Using tunable vacuum-UV radiation from a synchrotron, the threshold photoelectron and threshold photoelectron photoion coincidence spectra of cyclic-C\(_4\)F\(_8\) in the range 11–25 eV have been recorded. The parent ion is observed very weakly at threshold, 11.60 eV, and is most likely to have cyclic geometry. Ion yield curves and branching ratios have been determined for five fragments. Above threshold, the first ion observed is C\(_3\)F\(_5^+\), at slightly higher energy C\(_2\)F\(_4^+\), then successively CF\(_3^+\), CF\(_2^+\) and CF\(^+\) are formed. The dominant ions are C\(_3\)F\(_5^+\) and C\(_2\)F\(_4^+\), with the data suggesting the presence of a barrier in the exit channel to production of C\(_3\)F\(_5^+\) whilst no barrier to production of C\(_2\)F\(_4^+\). In complementary experiments, the product branching ratios and rate coefficients have been measured in a selected ion flow tube at 298 K for the bimolecular reactions of cyclic-C\(_4\)F\(_8\) with a large number of atomic and small molecular cations. Below the energy where charge transfer becomes energetically allowed, only one of the ions, CF\(_2^+\), reacts. Above this energy, all but one of the remaining ions reacts. Experimental rate coefficients are consistently greater than the collisional values calculated from modified average dipole orientation theory. The inclusion of an additional ion-quadrupole interaction has allowed better agreement to be achieved. With the exception of N\(^+\), a comparison of the fragment ion branching ratios from the TPEPICO and SIFT data suggest that long-range charge transfer is the dominate mechanism for reactions of ions with recombination energy between 12.9 and 15.8 eV. For all other ions, either short-range charge transfer or a chemical reaction, involving cleavage and making of new bond(s), is the dominant mechanism.

Type of Work:Article
Date:2006 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Chemical Sciences
Department:School of Chemistry
Subjects:QD Chemistry
QC Physics
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:The authors, Royal Society of Chemistry
ID Code:691
Refereed:YES
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