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Vacuum–ultraviolet absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy of CF2H2, CF2Cl2, and CF2Br2 in the range 8–22 eV

Seccombe, D. P. and Chim, R. Y. L. and Tuckett, R. P. and Jochims, H. W. and Baumgärtel, H. (2001) Vacuum–ultraviolet absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy of CF2H2, CF2Cl2, and CF2Br2 in the range 8–22 eV. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 114 (9). pp. 4058-4073. ISSN 00219606

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URL of Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1344888

Identification Number/DOI: doi:10.1063/1.1344888

The vacuum-UV absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy of CF\(_2\)X\(_2\) (X=H,Cl,Br) in the range 190-690 nm is reported. Tunable vacuum-UV radiation in the range 8-22 eV from synchrotron sources at either Daresbury, UK or BESSY1, Germany is used to excite the titled molecules. Fluorescence excitation spectra, with undispersed detection of the fluorescence, were recorded at Daresbury with a resolution of 0.1 nm. VUV absorption spectra at a resolution of 0.08 nm, and dispersed emission spectra with an optical resolution of 8 nm were recorded at BESSY1. Action spectra, in which the VUV energy is scanned with detection of the fluorescence at a specific wavelength, were also recorded at BESSY1 with a resolution of 0.3 nm ; appearance energies for production of a particular emitting state of a fragment are then obtained. Using the single-bunch mode of BESSY1, lifetimes of all emitting states that fall in the range ca. 3-80 ns have been measured. The peaks in the VUV absorption spectra of CF\(_2\)X\(_2\) are assigned to Rydberg transitions. For CF\(_2\)H\(_2\) below 11 eV, there is good agreement between the absorption and the fluorescence excitation spectra, whereas above 11 eV and for the whole range 8-22 eV for CF\(_2\)Cl\(_2\) and CF\(_2\)Br\(_2\) there is little similarity. This suggests that photodissociation to emitting states of fragment species represent minor channels. In the range 8-15 eV, emission is due mainly to CF\(_2\) A\(^1\)B\(_1\) - X\(^1\)A\(_1\)1 and weakly to CFX A\(^1\)A” - X\(^1\)A’. These products form by photodissociation of Rydberg states of CF\(_2\)X\(_2\), and the thresholds for their production therefore relate to energies of the Rydberg states of the parent molecule. For CF\(_2\)H\(_2\) below 11.8 eV CF\(_2\) A\(^1\)B\(_1\) can only form with H\(_2\), whereas for CF\(_2\)Cl\(_2\) and CF\(_2\)Br\(_2\) it is not possible to say whether the other products are 2X or X\(_2\). For energies above ca. 15 eV, emission is due to diatomic fragments ; CF B \(^2\Delta\) and A \(^2\Sigma\)\(^+\), CCl A \(^2\Delta\), CH B \(^2\Sigma\)\(^-\) and A \(^2\Delta\), Cl\(_2\) and Br\(_2\) D’ 2 \(^3\Pi_g\), and possibly CBr A \(^2\Delta\). From their appearance energies, there is evidence that, with the exception of CF B \(^2\Delta\) / CF\(_2\)H\(_2\) where the ground state of HF must form , the excited state of CF, CCl or CH forms in association with three atoms. Our results yield no information whether the three bonds in CF\(_2\)X\(_2\)* break simultaneously or sequentially. We suggest that the anomalous behaviour of CF\(_2\)H\(_2\), in forming H-H or H-F bonds in unimolecular photofragmentation processes, relates to the small size of the hydrogen atom, and hence the unimportance of steric effects in the tightly-constrained transition state. In no cases is emission observed from excited states of either the CF\(_2\) X free radical or the parent molecular ion, CF\(_2\)X\(_2\)X2\(^+\)

Type of Work:Article
Date:2001 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Schools (1998 to 2008) > School of Chemical Sciences
Department:School of Chemistry
Subjects:QD Chemistry
QC Physics
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:American Institute of Physics
ID Code:735
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