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Measuring athlete imagery ability: the Sport Imagery Ability Questionnaire

Williams, S. E. and Cumming, Jennifer (2011) Measuring athlete imagery ability: the Sport Imagery Ability Questionnaire. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 33 (3). pp. 416-440. ISSN 0895-2779

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URL of Published Version: http://journals.humankinetics.com/AcuCustom/SiteName/Documents/DocumentItem/05_Williams_jsep_10_0177.pdf

Based on literature identifying movement imagery, observation, and execution to elicit similar areas of neural activity, research has demonstrated movement imagery and observation to successfully prime movement execution. To investigate whether movement and observation could prime ease of imaging from an external visual imagery perspective, an internal visual imagery perspective, and kinaesthetic modality, 36 participants (M\(_{age}\) = 20.58; SD = 3.11; 18 female, 18 male) completed the Movement Imagery Questionnaire-3 under four modes of delivery (movement prime, external observation prime, internal observation prime, and image-only). Results revealed ease of imaging was significantly greater during the movement and observation prime conditions compared to the image-only condition (p < .05). Specifically when priming external visual imagery and internal visual imagery, observation only facilitated ease of imaging when the perspective was congruent with the imagery perspective. Results support the utilization of movement and observation to facilitate ease of imaging, but highlight the importance of considering visual perspective when using observation.

Type of Work:Article
Date:June 2011 (Publication)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Life & Environmental Sciences
Department:School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Keywords:ease of imaging, imagery content, scale development, sport psychology
Subjects:BF Psychology
QP Physiology
Institution:University of Birmingham
Copyright Holders:The Authors, Human Kinetics, Inc
ID Code:975
Refereed:YES
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